Rough lumber is still green, which means that it has not fully dried and cured. Unfortunately, because of over-logging, very little of this precious wood is available anywhere anymore. The main point is to harvest significantly less than the forest naturally produces. Is a beautiful premium quality Redwood grade (from trees averaging 100 years of age). These finish grades are unrivaled in beauty and dimensional stability. Appearance is particularly important in the case of redwood because it has so many variations in color and the presence of knots. Features. The edges and sides are not smooth. Smooth Sawn, S4S (smooth on four sides), is a timber that has been milled on four sides to provide a smooth surface for the end consumer. When it comes to overall smoothness, redwood has a slight edge over cedar. High-quality finish grade of the same general quality as Heart Clear. #3 and better two face grade - rough and smooth side will be virtually wane free; Naturally resistant to rot and decay; Actual size: dimensions at time of manufacture. Rough Redwood. Uses of Deck Heart include decks, fences, posts, retaining walls, garden structures, stairs or other outdoor applications on or near soil. What about initial costs? Rough bark is best suited to withstand harsh changes in weather from one season to the next such as the freeze-thaw cycle from winter to spring. Available surfaced or saw-textured. Rough Sawn, RS, means that the timber will be rough on all four sides and measure to the full measurement of the timber. They are frequently specified for exterior and garden structures where knots or other characteristics have little or no effect. Redwood Redwood tree (Image: ... Cherry wood exhibits a smooth, satiny sheen and responds well to machining, planing, and sanding. Based on your desired appearance, you can decide whether to use rough cut lumber or take advantage of our custom surfacing capabilities for a smooth, clean finish. Redwood sapwood architectural grades are unrivaled in beauty and dimensional stability. Western Red Cedar and Redwood . Forever Redwood offers warranties of 10 to 30 years against decay (depending on the wood grade). increments. Standard sizes, full-sawn rough and custom sizes are available. Logs are cut shortly after harvesting, but the rough cut lumber still has a very high moisture content and must be dried. We sand all our items to 220 grit and round all the edges of the boards. Valley Redwood offers a complete line of Rough Redwood and Timbers for all of your construction and landscaping needs. If a piece is light, it is made from thin wood and the odds are poor that it will last for decades in year-round weather. The guarantees offered by other manufacturers point out the longevity expected. The thinnest rough-cut boards, labeled 4/4, and called four quarter, are 1-in. This is because of the shrinkage associated with planing and drying; it is cut rough and large to leave room to plane the lumber to smooth it and to allow it to shrink as it dries. There is a  surcharge for knot-free orders that varies according to the item. Appearance is the first, primary factor in the grading of redwood. Both rough-sawn and surfaced/smooth textures are available to match the rest of your siding or to introduce contrast. Whenever you want a rustic look in and around your house, you want to make sure the lumber company can furnish you with a rough cut cedar as opposed to a smooth cut cedar. Although the Forever Redwood forestlands are mostly Redwood, about 30% of the conifer trees are Douglas-fir. The calculations with softwoods and planed hardwoods are even worse, as softwoods are seldom sold rough, but are sold as planed lumber. It's not rough like typical pine from a saw mill. Also fine decks, hot tubs surrounds, furniture, garden structures, industrial storage and processing tanks. Its rough because it went through a machine with a roughing head which gives a uniform roughness or simply cut with a nice blade. Compared to old-growth, young wood has less resistance because it takes centuries of slow growth to develop great decay resistance. Each board is hand selected for optimal results. All boards are air and/or kiln-dried to a 12% moisture content for the best long-term finish and stability. Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. Forever Redwood offers 5 types of Redwood Wood Grades. Con-Common, Con-Heart, Redwood – Rough, Surfaced and Resawn Redwood. Whether you’re building a deck, fence, play set or outdoor living structure; the enduring strength of 1 Face Smooth V-Joint 1 x 6 - Nickel Gap Tongue & Groove - 1 Face Rough. As a general rule, all heartwood grades of redwood will have the word “Heart” in the grade name. Rough sawn lumber is lumber which is cut, but not finished. Redwood is also more readily available in “clear” grades, which means there’s no knots at all. Rough sawn lumber is slightly larger than finished lumber. Coastal Lumber has the Redwood lumber you're looking for! Typically available kiln dried (also available unseasoned). Any redwood beam you order from us can be obtained mill-rough, surfaced smooth or finely re-sawn on all four sides. Sub-options within this style deal with surface and thickness. Mosaic Eco-Wood is an excellent choice for most applications. We stock a wide variety of Redwood garden and architectural grades. 1 Face Smooth 1 x 6 - Rough Faced V-Joint. Unfinished boards are lighter in tone. P80 Sandpaper – This is the starting grit for most hardwoods and is a staple for every wood worker. Redwood Fencing – Our stock of redwood material for fencing is made of all heartwood and is available in all five of our redwood grades. Available kiln dried or unseasoned. We offer Redwood in Rough or Surfaced finish, and both Green and Air Seasoned on most items. Clearness (freedom from knots) is the determinant for the highest grades. Boards are available from 1/2″ to 5/4” thick with widths from 2” to 12”. For installing the fence, the redwood can be reliable for getting the great performance. For example, an identical item made from Old-Growth Redwood will cost over 60% more than if made using Douglas-fir. Mature Redwood has decay and moisture resistance equal to or greater than the highest grades of Teak available today. Use dimensionally stable high quality lumber. Redwood and Red Cedar Siding and Shakes are a great way to sheath the exterior of your home. Give it a shot, you’ll be pleasantly surprised by its natural beauty while saving a chunk of change. Uses of B Grade redwood include siding, paneling, trim, fascia, molding and other architectural uses; quality decking, garden structures and other above-ground applications. rough stock. One of our experts can help you design the perfect solution. This option really highlights the wood grain and colour. Redwood is the most moisture and insect resistant wood species that grows naturally in N. America. All of our pergola kits and cedar planter box kits are built using quality, durable wood that is … Resawn lumber has a textured surface that is more uniform and smooth than rough lumber. Redwood or pine may also be grains used with these styles. Commonly used in siding, trim, paneling, horizontal fencing, and furniture, you’ll find a vast selection of 1x and 2x, both rough and smooth, stocked at our yard. Same painting as usual. Our Forever Redwood Furniture is built to last for decades without maintenance. Uses of Heart B redwood include siding, paneling, trim, fascia, molding and other architectural uses. The heartwood of the Redwood grade is similar in color to the light reddish brown of the Mature Redwood (the only variation is the natural slight differences in wood color that occur from tree to tree). You may invest a bit more upfront to have a Forever Redwood handcrafted piece, but you’ll save significantly over the decades by never having to replace it. Redwood sapwood garden grades should be used in above-ground construction projects where knots or other characteristics are less important. Just compare the girth of our products with our competitors. For each of these redwood siding patterns, we can provide a suitable redwood grade for almost any situation. Redwood lumber can be milled it to satisfy virtually any need. Redwood "Clear" grade is the same quality as "Clear All Heart" - the finest architectural heartwood grade - except that it contains sapwood in varying amounts and is allowed slight visual imperfections (which we consider character) on both faces. Understanding the durability of the wood is important because it helps determine the best use for the lumber (e.g. Rough lumber thicknesses are measured in 1/4-in. In most cases, you can expect it to last longer. Old-Growth Redwood has no peers in terms of decay resistance. 1×2 8 – 16′ 1×4 8 – 20′ 1×6 8 – 20′ 1×8 8 – 20′ 1×12 8 – 16′ 2×4 8 – 20′ 2×6 8 – 20′ 2×8 8 – 20′ 2×12 8 – 16′ Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. It is a combination of a light tan color with occasional streaks of slightly darker shades. Each board is a mosaic of small reclaimed pieces of all 4 Redwood and Douglas-fir grades. Redwood Redwood tree (Image: ... Cherry wood exhibits a smooth, satiny sheen and responds well to machining, planing, ... and has a rough, straight grain. Most boards have open grain (less than eight growth rings per inch). For construction above ground where there is little danger of damage from insects or decay, choose one of the sapwood grades – Clear, B Grade, Deck Common, Construction Common or Merchantable. Click here to see how to keep your furniture looking new and lasting even longer. Redwood VS Cedar facts. If you plan to stain or paint your deck in a color that is not similar to either of these in their natural state, then you may prefer cedar because it does tend to be lighter in color. And then there are thicker boards (shake) that have both sides cut roughly or one side smooth the other face rough. From left to right: Douglas-fir, Mosaic Eco-wood, California Redwood, Mature Redwood and Old-Growth Redwood: Below are scanned images with our Transparent Premium Sealant added. Uses of Clear redwood include siding, paneling, trim, cabinetry, molding, fascia, soffits. Same painting as usual. Redwood Grades. Grades of redwood lumber are determined using criteria outlined by the Redwood Inspection Service (RIS). Redwood is a beautiful wood, so it's ideal for highly visible applications such as … Custom detail or design? Same general characteristics as Deck Heart, but contains a combination of heartwood and sapwood. Is an exceptional quality wood (from trees over 200 years old). Available in 8′ to 20′ lengths. Knot-free is not recommended because the knots normally included are small and sound and knot-free lumber has less interesting grain patterns (mostly straight lines). Rough sawn timber is when the sides and edges are not smooth, if you run your hands across the timber you will feel a coarse texture and most likely get splinters. It is all-heartwood and most boards have open grain (less than eight growth rings/inch). Douglas-fir has significant decay resistance and is structurally stronger and heavier than Redwood. What is the difference between Rough Sawn (RS) vs Smooth Sawn (S4S) Beams? Garden grades of redwood include Deck Heart, Construction Heart, Deck Common, Construction Common, Merchantable Heart, and Merchantable. thick. The reason why one side is rough is basically for housing trims, other exterior applications and paint sticks much better. Forever Redwood products will never splinter. The term “grade” refers to both the durability and the appearance of redwood lumber. Western Red Cedar and Redwood are the two most commonly used woods for pergolas, aside from pressure-treated wood. Douglas-fir is our least expensive wood grade and an excellent way to get any item in our catalog at a fraction of the cost of having it made in Redwood. You construct fascia boards out of 1-inch lumber. The cream-colored sapwood that develops in the outer growth layer of the tree does not possess the same resistance to decay and insects that redwood heartwood does. I moved to Oklahoma for school and noticed that it was all smooth. Wood can be purchased rough sawn or planed. Excellence of appearance is a major factor in the grading of redwood. Thin and light wood furniture just can't survive decades out in the weather. We stock redwood decking, siding, fence boards, and redwood for all your backyard projects. We combine the rustic flavor with fine sanding (220 grit) for a smooth-to-the-touch finish. All Forever Redwood furniture boards are cut extra-thick for added longevity. Same general characteristics as Construction Heart, but contains a combination of heartwood and sapwood. The only difference between Redwood and the Mature Redwood grade is the inclusion of “sapwood”. The photos above are good color and grain examples of our five wood grades. Available surfaced or saw-textured. No problem! Always do a test area to be sure of the colour and final finish before starting any project. Finest architectural heartwood grade currently available, normally kiln dried (also available unseasoned), well manufactured, and free of defects on one face (reverse face may have slight imperfections). In almost all cases, it can be expected to last much longer. Although not recommended, if you prefer 100% knot-free furniture in any wood grade, just let us know. Rough sawn timber is when the sides and edges are not smooth, if you run your hands across the timber you will feel a coarse texture and most likely get splinters. Deck Heart has a similar appearance and uses as Construction Heart but is also graded for strength. So, 5.33 BF (softwoods use 2 decimals, hardwoods do not) is actually 504 cubic inches, or 95 cubic inches per BF. Normally sold kiln dried (pre-shrunk and stress free), these grades are for the finest exterior and interior architectural uses. The durability of the same general quality as Heart clear color with occasional streaks slightly... 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